db_conn_postgres.rs 44.9 KB
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#![cfg(feature = "postgres")]

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extern crate postgres;

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use postgres::Connection;
use time;
use time::Duration;
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use db_conn::{MedalConnection, MedalObject};
use db_objects::*;
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use helpers;
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trait Queryable {
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    fn query_map_one<T, F>(&self, sql: &str, params: &[&dyn postgres::types::ToSql], f: F)
                           -> postgres::Result<Option<T>>
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        where F: FnOnce(postgres::rows::Row<'_>) -> T;
}

impl Queryable for Connection {
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    fn query_map_one<T, F>(&self, sql: &str, params: &[&dyn postgres::types::ToSql], f: F)
                           -> postgres::Result<Option<T>>
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        where F: FnOnce(postgres::rows::Row<'_>) -> T {
        let rows = self.query(sql, params)?;
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        // empty lines to match sqlite
        //
        //
        //
        Ok(rows.iter().next().map(f))
    }
}

impl MedalConnection for Connection {
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    fn dbtype(&self) -> &'static str { "postgres" }

    fn migration_already_applied(&self, name: &str) -> bool {
        let create_string = "CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS migrations (name TEXT PRIMARY KEY);";
        self.execute(create_string, &[]).unwrap();

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        let stmt = self.prepare("SELECT name FROM migrations WHERE name = $1").unwrap();
        !stmt.query(&[&name]).unwrap().is_empty()
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    }

    fn apply_migration(&mut self, name: &str, contents: &str) {
        print!("Applying migration `{}` … ", name);

        let tx = self.transaction().unwrap();

        tx.batch_execute(&contents).unwrap();
        tx.execute("INSERT INTO migrations (name) VALUES ($1)", &[&name]).unwrap();

        tx.commit().unwrap();

        println!("OK.");
    }

    // fn get_session<T: ToSql>(&self, key: T, keyname: &str) -> Option<SessionUser> {
    fn get_session(&self, key: &str) -> Option<SessionUser> {
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        let query = "SELECT id, csrf_token, last_login, last_activity, permanent_login, username, password, logincode, email, email_unconfirmed, email_confirmationcode, firstname, lastname, street, zip, city, nation, grade, is_teacher, managed_by, oauth_provider, oauth_foreign_id, salt FROM session WHERE session_token = $1";
        let session = self.query_map_one(query, &[&key], |row| SessionUser { id: row.get(0),
                                                                             session_token: Some(key.to_string()),
                                                                             csrf_token: row.get(1),
                                                                             last_login: row.get(2),
                                                                             last_activity: row.get(3),
                                                                             permanent_login: row.get(4),

                                                                             username: row.get(5),
                                                                             password: row.get(6),
                                                                             salt: row.get(22),
                                                                             logincode: row.get(7),
                                                                             email: row.get(8),
                                                                             email_unconfirmed: row.get(9),
                                                                             email_confirmationcode: row.get(10),

                                                                             firstname: row.get(11),
                                                                             lastname: row.get(12),
                                                                             street: row.get(13),
                                                                             zip: row.get(14),
                                                                             city: row.get(15),
                                                                             nation: row.get(16),
                                                                             grade: row.get(17),

                                                                             is_teacher: row.get(18),
                                                                             managed_by: row.get(19),

                                                                             oauth_provider: row.get(20),
                                                                             oauth_foreign_id: row.get(21) })
                          .ok()??;
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        let duration = if session.permanent_login { Duration::days(90) } else { Duration::minutes(90) };
        let now = time::get_time();
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        if let Some(last_activity) = session.last_activity {
            if now - last_activity < duration {
                self.execute("UPDATE session SET last_activity = $1 WHERE id = $2", &[&now, &session.id]).unwrap();
                return Some(session);
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            } else {
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                // Session timed out
                // Should remove session token from session
                return None;
            }
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        }
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        // last_activity undefined
        // TODO: What should happen here?
        None
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    }
    fn save_session(&self, session: SessionUser) {
        self.execute("UPDATE session SET
                      username = $1,
                      password = $2,
                      salt = $3,
                      logincode = $4,
                      firstname = $5,
                      lastname = $6,
                      street = $7,
                      zip = $8,
                      city = $9,
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                      grade = $10,
                      is_teacher = $11
                      WHERE id = $12",
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                     &[&session.username,
                       &session.password,
                       &session.salt,
                       &session.logincode,
                       &session.firstname,
                       &session.lastname,
                       &session.street,
                       &session.zip,
                       &session.city,
                       &session.grade,
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                       &session.is_teacher,
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                       &session.id])
            .unwrap();
    }
    fn new_session(&self, session_token: &str) -> SessionUser {
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        let csrf_token = helpers::make_csrf_token();
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        let now = time::get_time();
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        self.execute(
            "INSERT INTO session (session_token, csrf_token, last_activity, permanent_login, grade, is_teacher)
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                      VALUES ($1, $2, $3, FALSE, 0, FALSE)",
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            &[&session_token, &csrf_token, &now],
        )
        .unwrap();
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        let id = self.query("SELECT lastval()", &[])
                     .unwrap()
                     .iter()
                     .next()
                     .map(|row| -> i64 { row.get(0) })
                     .expect("Expected to get last row id");
        SessionUser::minimal(id as i32, session_token.to_owned(), csrf_token)
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    }
    fn get_session_or_new(&self, key: &str) -> SessionUser {
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        self.get_session(&key).ensure_alive().unwrap_or_else(|| {
                                                 // TODO: Factor this out in own function
                                                 // TODO: Should a new session key be generated every time?
                                                 self.execute(
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                    "UPDATE session SET session_token = $1 WHERE session_token = $2",
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                    &[&Option::<String>::None, &key]).unwrap();
                                                 self.new_session(&key)
                                             })
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    }

    fn get_user_by_id(&self, user_id: i32) -> Option<SessionUser> {
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        self.query("SELECT session_token, csrf_token, last_login, last_activity, permanent_login, username, password, logincode, email, email_unconfirmed, email_confirmationcode, firstname, lastname, street, zip, city, nation, grade, is_teacher, managed_by, oauth_provider, oauth_foreign_id, salt FROM session WHERE id = $1", &[&user_id])
            .ok()?
        .iter()
            .next()
            .map(|row| {
                SessionUser { id: user_id,
                              session_token: row.get(0),
                              csrf_token: row.get(1),
                              last_login: row.get(2),
                              last_activity: row.get(3),
                              permanent_login: row.get(4),

                              username: row.get(5),
                              password: row.get(6),
                              salt: row.get(22),
                              logincode: row.get(7),
                              email: row.get(8),
                              email_unconfirmed: row.get(9),
                              email_confirmationcode: row.get(10),

                              firstname: row.get(11),
                              lastname: row.get(12),
                              street: row.get(13),
                              zip: row.get(14),
                              city: row.get(15),
                              nation: row.get(16),
                              grade: row.get(17),

                              is_teacher: row.get(18),
                              managed_by: row.get(19),

                              oauth_provider: row.get(20),
                              oauth_foreign_id: row.get(21) }
            })
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    }

    fn get_user_and_group_by_id(&self, user_id: i32) -> Option<(SessionUser, Option<Group>)> {
        let session = self.get_user_by_id(user_id)?;

        let group_id = match session.managed_by {
            Some(id) => id,
            None => return Some((session, None)),
        };

        let rows = self.query("SELECT name, groupcode, tag, admin FROM usergroup WHERE id = $1", &[&group_id]).unwrap();

        match rows.iter().next() {
            Some(row) => {
                let group = Group { id: Some(group_id),
                                    name: row.get(0),
                                    groupcode: row.get(1),
                                    tag: row.get(2),
                                    admin: row.get(3),
                                    members: Vec::new() };
                Some((session, Some(group)))
            }
            _ => Some((session, None)),
        }
    }

    //TODO: use session
    fn login(&self, _session: Option<&str>, username: &str, password: &str) -> Result<String, ()> {
        match self.query("SELECT id, password, salt FROM session WHERE username = $1", &[&username])
                  .unwrap()
                  .iter()
                  .next()
        {
            Some(row) => {
                let (id, password_hash, salt): (i32, Option<String>, Option<String>) =
                    (row.get(0), row.get(1), row.get(2));

                //password_hash ist das, was in der Datenbank steht
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                if helpers::verify_password(&password,
                                            &salt.expect("salt from database empty"),
                                            &password_hash.expect("password from database empty"))
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                {
                    // TODO: fail more pleasantly
                    // Login okay, update session now!

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                    let session_token = helpers::make_session_token();
                    let csrf_token = helpers::make_csrf_token();
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                    let now = time::get_time();

                    self.execute("UPDATE session SET session_token = $1, csrf_token = $2, last_login = $3, last_activity = $3 WHERE id = $4", &[&session_token, &csrf_token, &now, &id]).unwrap();

                    Ok(session_token)
                } else {
                    Err(())
                }
            }
            _ => Err(()),
        }
    }

    //TODO: use session
    fn login_with_code(&self, _session: Option<&str>, logincode: &str) -> Result<String, ()> {
        match self.query("SELECT id FROM session WHERE logincode = $1", &[&logincode]).unwrap().iter().next() {
            Some(row) => {
                // Login okay, update session now!
                let id: i32 = row.get(0);

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                let session_token = helpers::make_session_token();
                let csrf_token = helpers::make_csrf_token();
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                let now = time::get_time();

                self.execute("UPDATE session SET session_token = $1, csrf_token = $2, last_login = $3, last_activity = $3 WHERE id = $4", &[&session_token, &csrf_token, &now, &id]).unwrap();

                Ok(session_token)
            }
            _ => Err(()),
        }
    }

    //TODO: use session
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    fn login_foreign(&self, _session: Option<&str>, foreign_id: &str, is_teacher: bool, firstname: &str,
                     lastname: &str)
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                     -> Result<String, ()>
    {
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        let session_token = helpers::make_session_token();
        let csrf_token = helpers::make_csrf_token();
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        let now = time::get_time();

        match self.query("SELECT id FROM session WHERE oauth_foreign_id = $1", &[&foreign_id]).unwrap().iter().next() {
            Some(row) => {
                let id: i32 = row.get(0);

                self.execute("UPDATE session SET session_token = $1, csrf_token = $2, last_login = $3, last_activity = $3 WHERE id = $4", &[&session_token, &csrf_token, &now, &id]).unwrap();

                Ok(session_token)
            }
            // Add!
            _ => {
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                self.execute("INSERT INTO session (session_token, csrf_token, last_login, last_activity, permanent_login, grade, is_teacher, oauth_foreign_id, firstname, lastname) VALUES ($1, $2, $3, $3, $4, $5, $6, $7, $8, $9)", &[&session_token, &csrf_token, &now, &false, &0, &is_teacher, &foreign_id, &firstname, &lastname]).unwrap();
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                Ok(session_token)
            }
        }
    }

    //TODO: use session
    fn create_user_with_groupcode(&self, _session: Option<&str>, groupcode: &str) -> Result<String, ()> {
        match self.query("SELECT id FROM usergroup WHERE groupcode = $1", &[&groupcode]).unwrap().iter().next() {
            Some(row) => {
                // Login okay, create session!
                let group_id: i32 = row.get(0);

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                let session_token = helpers::make_session_token();
                let csrf_token = helpers::make_csrf_token();
                let login_code = helpers::make_login_code();
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                // todo: check for collisions
                let now = time::get_time();

                self.execute("INSERT INTO session (session_token, csrf_token, last_login, last_activity, permanent_login, logincode, grade, is_teacher, managed_by) VALUES ($1, $2, $3, $3, $4, $5, $6, $7, $8)", &[&session_token, &csrf_token, &now, &false, &login_code, &0, &false, &group_id]).unwrap();

                Ok(session_token)
            }
            _ => Err(()),
        }
    }

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    fn create_group_with_users(&self, mut group: Group) {
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        // Generate group ID:
        group.save(self);

        for user in group.members {
            let csrf_token = helpers::make_csrf_token();
            let login_code = helpers::make_login_code(); // TODO: check for collisions
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            self.execute("INSERT INTO session (firstname, lastname, csrf_token, permanent_login, logincode, grade, is_teacher, managed_by) VALUES ($1, $2, $3, $4, $5, $6, $7, $8)", &[&user.firstname, &user.lastname, &csrf_token, &false, &login_code, &user.grade, &false, &group.id]).unwrap();
        }
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    }

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    fn logout(&self, session: &str) {
        self.execute("UPDATE session SET session_token = NULL WHERE session_token = $1", &[&session]).unwrap();
    }

    fn load_submission(&self, session: &SessionUser, task: i32, subtask: Option<&str>) -> Option<Submission> {
        match subtask {
            None => self.query("SELECT id, grade, validated, nonvalidated_grade, value, date, needs_validation FROM submission WHERE task = $1 AND session = $2 ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 1", &[&task, &session.id]).unwrap().iter().next()
                .map(|row| {
                    Submission {
                        id: Some(row.get(0)),
                        task: task,
                        session_user: session.id,
                        grade: row.get(1),
                        validated: row.get(2),
                        nonvalidated_grade: row.get(3 ),
                        subtask_identifier: None,
                        value: row.get(4),
                        date: row.get(5),
                        needs_validation: row.get(6),
                    }}),
            Some(subtask_id) => self.query("SELECT id, grade, validated, nonvalidated_grade, value, date, needs_validation FROM submission WHERE task = $1 AND session = $2 AND subtask_identifier = $3 ORDER BY id DESC LIMIT 1", &[&task, &session.id, &subtask_id]).unwrap().iter().next()
                .map( |row| {
                    Submission {
                        id: Some(row.get(0)),
                        task: task,
                        session_user: session.id,
                        grade: row.get(1),
                        validated: row.get(2),
                        nonvalidated_grade: row.get(3),
                        subtask_identifier: Some(subtask_id.to_string()),
                        value: row.get(4),
                        date: row.get(5),
                        needs_validation: row.get(6),
                    }}),
        }
    }
    fn submit_submission(&self, mut submission: Submission) {
        submission.save(self);

        let mut grade = self.get_grade_by_submission(submission.id.unwrap());
        if grade.grade.is_none() || submission.grade > grade.grade.unwrap() {
            grade.grade = Some(submission.grade);
            grade.validated = false;
            grade.save(self);
        }
    }
    fn get_grade_by_submission(&self, submission_id: i32) -> Grade {
        self.query("SELECT grade.taskgroup, grade.session, grade.grade, grade.validated FROM grade JOIN task ON grade.taskgroup = task.taskgroup JOIN submission ON task.id = submission.task AND grade.session = submission.session WHERE submission.id = $1", &[&submission_id]).unwrap().iter().next()
            .map(|row| {
                Grade {
                    taskgroup: row.get(0),
                    user: row.get(1),
                    grade: row.get(2),
                    validated: row.get(3),
                }})
            .unwrap_or_else(|| {
                self.query("SELECT task.taskgroup, submission.session FROM submission JOIN task ON task.id = submission.task WHERE submission.id = $1", &[&submission_id]).unwrap().iter().next()
                    .map(|row| {
                        Grade {
                            taskgroup: row.get(0),
                            user: row.get(1),
                            grade: None,
                            validated: false,
                        }}).unwrap() // should this unwrap?
            })
    }

    fn get_contest_groups_grades(&self, session_id: i32, contest_id: i32)
                                 -> (Vec<String>, Vec<(Group, Vec<(UserInfo, Vec<Grade>)>)>) {
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        let stmt = self.prepare("SELECT id, name FROM taskgroup WHERE contest = $1 ORDER BY id ASC").unwrap();
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        let res = stmt.query(&[&contest_id]).unwrap();
        let tasknames_iter = res.iter().map(|row| {
                                           let x: (i32, String) = (row.get(0), row.get(1));
                                           x
                                       });

        let tasknames: Vec<(i32, String)> = tasknames_iter.collect();
        let mut taskindex: ::std::collections::BTreeMap<i32, usize> = ::std::collections::BTreeMap::new();

        let n_tasks = tasknames.len();
        for (index, (i, _)) in tasknames.iter().enumerate() {
            taskindex.insert(*i, index);
        }

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        let stmt = self.prepare("SELECT grade.taskgroup, grade.session, grade.grade, grade.validated, usergroup.id, usergroup.name, usergroup.groupcode, usergroup.tag, student.id, student.username, student.logincode, student.firstname, student.lastname
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                                     FROM grade
                                     JOIN taskgroup ON grade.taskgroup = taskgroup.id
                                     JOIN session AS student ON grade.session = student.id
                                     JOIN usergroup ON student.managed_by = usergroup.id
                                     WHERE usergroup.admin = $1 AND taskgroup.contest = $2
                                     ORDER BY usergroup.id, student.id, taskgroup.id ASC").unwrap();
        let res = stmt.query(&[&session_id, &contest_id]).unwrap();
        let mut gradeinfo_iter =
            res.iter().map(|row| {
                          (Grade { taskgroup: row.get(0), user: row.get(1), grade: row.get(2), validated: row.get(3) },
                           Group { id: Some(row.get(4)),
                                   name: row.get(5),
                                   groupcode: row.get(6),
                                   tag: row.get(7),
                                   admin: session_id,
                                   members: Vec::new() },
                           UserInfo { id: row.get(8),
                                      username: row.get(9),
                                      logincode: row.get(10),
                                      firstname: row.get(11),
                                      lastname: row.get(12) })
                      });

        if let Some(t /*Ok((grade, mut group, mut userinfo))*/) = gradeinfo_iter.next() {
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            let (grade, group, userinfo) = t;
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            let mut grades: Vec<Grade> = vec![Default::default(); n_tasks];
            let mut users: Vec<(UserInfo, Vec<Grade>)> = Vec::new();
            let mut groups: Vec<(Group, Vec<(UserInfo, Vec<Grade>)>)> = Vec::new();

            let index = grade.taskgroup;
            grades[taskindex[&index]] = grade;

            // TODO: does
            // https://stackoverflow.com/questions/29859892/mutating-an-item-inside-of-nested-loops
            // help to spare all these clones?

            for ggu in gradeinfo_iter {
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                let (g, gr, ui) = ggu;
                if gr.id != group.id {
                    users.push((userinfo.clone(), grades));
                    grades = vec![Default::default(); n_tasks];

                    groups.push((group.clone(), users));
                    users = Vec::new();
                } else if ui.id != userinfo.id {
                    users.push((userinfo.clone(), grades));
                    grades = vec![Default::default(); n_tasks];
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                }
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                let index = g.taskgroup;
                grades[taskindex[&index]] = g;
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            }
            users.push((userinfo, grades));
            groups.push((group, users));

            (tasknames.iter().map(|(_, name)| name.clone()).collect(), groups)
        } else {
            (Vec::new(), Vec::new()) // should those be default filled?
        }
    }
    fn get_contest_user_grades(&self, session_token: &str, contest_id: i32) -> Vec<Grade> {
        let res =
            self.query("SELECT id, name FROM taskgroup WHERE contest = $1 ORDER BY id ASC", &[&contest_id]).unwrap();
        let tasknames_iter = res.iter().map(|row| {
                                           let x: (i32, String) = (row.get(0), row.get(1));
                                           x
                                       });

        let tasknames: Vec<(i32, String)> = tasknames_iter.collect();
        let mut taskindex: ::std::collections::BTreeMap<i32, usize> = ::std::collections::BTreeMap::new();

        let n_tasks = tasknames.len();
        for (index, (i, _)) in tasknames.iter().enumerate() {
            taskindex.insert(*i, index);
        }

        let res = self.query("SELECT grade.taskgroup, grade.session, grade.grade, grade.validated
                                     FROM grade
                                     JOIN taskgroup ON grade.taskgroup = taskgroup.id
                                     JOIN session ON session.id = grade.session
                                     WHERE session.session_token = $1 AND taskgroup.contest = $2
                                     ORDER BY taskgroup.id ASC",
                             &[&session_token, &contest_id])
                      .unwrap();
        let gradeinfo_iter =
            res.iter()
               .map(|row| Grade { taskgroup: row.get(0), user: row.get(1), grade: row.get(2), validated: row.get(3) });

        let mut grades: Vec<Grade> = vec![Default::default(); n_tasks];

        for g in gradeinfo_iter {
            let index = g.taskgroup;
            grades[taskindex[&index]] = g;
        }

        grades
    }

    fn get_taskgroup_user_grade(&self, session_token: &str, taskgroup_id: i32) -> Grade {
        let grade =
            self.query("SELECT grade.taskgroup, grade.session, grade.grade, grade.validated
                                     FROM grade
                                     JOIN session ON session.id = grade.session
                                     WHERE session.session_token = $1 AND grade.taskgroup = $2",
                       &[&session_token, &taskgroup_id])
                .unwrap()
                .iter()
                .next()
                .map(|row| Grade { taskgroup: row.get(0), user: row.get(1), grade: row.get(2), validated: row.get(3) });

        grade.unwrap_or_default()
    }

    fn get_contest_list(&self) -> Vec<Contest> {
        let res =
            self.query("SELECT id, location, filename, name, duration, public, start_date, end_date FROM contest", &[])
                .unwrap();
        res.iter()
           .map(|row| Contest { id: Some(row.get(0)),
                                location: row.get(1),
                                filename: row.get(2),
                                name: row.get(3),
                                duration: row.get(4),
                                public: row.get(5),
                                start: row.get(6),
                                end: row.get(7),
                                taskgroups: Vec::new() })
           .collect()
    }

    fn get_contest_by_id(&self, contest_id: i32) -> Contest {
        self.query("SELECT location, filename, name, duration, public, start_date, end_date FROM contest WHERE id = $1",
                   &[&contest_id])
            .unwrap()
            .iter()
            .next()
            .map(|row| Contest { id: Some(contest_id),
                                 location: row.get(0),
                                 filename: row.get(1),
                                 name: row.get(2),
                                 duration: row.get(3),
                                 public: row.get(4),
                                 start: row.get(5),
                                 end: row.get(6),
                                 taskgroups: Vec::new() })
            .unwrap() // TODO: Should return Option?
    }

    fn get_contest_by_id_complete(&self, contest_id: i32) -> Contest {
        let res = self.query(
            "SELECT contest.location, contest.filename, contest.name, contest.duration, contest.public, contest.start_date, contest.end_date, taskgroup.id, taskgroup.name, task.id, task.location, task.stars FROM contest JOIN taskgroup ON contest.id = taskgroup.contest JOIN task ON taskgroup.id = task.taskgroup WHERE contest.id = $1", &[&contest_id])
            .unwrap();
        let mut taskgroupcontest_iter =
            res.iter().map(|row| {
                          (Contest { id: Some(contest_id),
                                     location: row.get(0),
                                     filename: row.get(1),
                                     name: row.get(2),
                                     duration: row.get(3),
                                     public: row.get(4),
                                     start: row.get(5),
                                     end: row.get(6),
                                     taskgroups: Vec::new() },
                           Taskgroup { id: Some(row.get(7)), contest: contest_id, name: row.get(8), tasks: Vec::new() },
                           Task { id: Some(row.get(9)),
                                  taskgroup: row.get(7),
                                  location: row.get(10),
                                  stars: row.get(11) })
                      });

        let (mut contest, mut taskgroup, task) = taskgroupcontest_iter.next().unwrap();
        taskgroup.tasks.push(task);
        for tgc in taskgroupcontest_iter {
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            let (_, tg, t) = tgc;
            if tg.id != taskgroup.id {
                contest.taskgroups.push(taskgroup);
                taskgroup = tg;
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            }
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            taskgroup.tasks.push(t);
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        }
        contest.taskgroups.push(taskgroup);
        contest
    }

    fn get_contest_by_id_partial(&self, contest_id: i32) -> Contest {
        let res = self.query(
            "SELECT contest.location, contest.filename, contest.name, contest.duration, contest.public, contest.start_date, contest.end_date, taskgroup.id, taskgroup.name FROM contest JOIN taskgroup ON contest.id = taskgroup.contest WHERE contest.id = $1", &[&contest_id])
            .unwrap();
        let mut taskgroupcontest_iter =
            res.iter().map(|row| {
                          (Contest { id: Some(contest_id),
                                     location: row.get(0),
                                     filename: row.get(1),
                                     name: row.get(2),
                                     duration: row.get(3),
                                     public: row.get(4),
                                     start: row.get(5),
                                     end: row.get(6),
                                     taskgroups: Vec::new() },
                           Taskgroup { id: Some(row.get(7)), contest: contest_id, name: row.get(8), tasks: Vec::new() })
                      });

        let (mut contest, taskgroup) = taskgroupcontest_iter.next().unwrap();
        contest.taskgroups.push(taskgroup);
        for tgc in taskgroupcontest_iter {
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            let (_, tg) = tgc;
            contest.taskgroups.push(tg);
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        }
        contest
    }

    fn get_participation(&self, session: &str, contest_id: i32) -> Option<Participation> {
        self.query("SELECT session, start_date FROM participation JOIN session ON session.id = session WHERE session.session_token = $1 AND contest = $2", &[&session, &contest_id]).unwrap().iter().next()
            .map(|row| {
                Participation {
                    contest: contest_id,
                    user: row.get(0),
                    start: row.get(1)
                }
            })
    }
    fn new_participation(&self, session: &str, contest_id: i32) -> Result<Participation, ()> {
        match self.query("SELECT session, start_date FROM participation JOIN session ON session.id = session WHERE session.session_token = $1 AND contest = $2", &[&session, &contest_id]).unwrap().iter().next() {
            Some(_) => Err(()),
            None => {
                let now = time::get_time();
                self.execute(
                    "INSERT INTO participation (contest, session, start_date)
                     SELECT $1, id, $2 FROM session WHERE session_token = $3",
                     &[&contest_id, &now, &session]).unwrap();

                Ok(self.get_participation(session, contest_id).unwrap()) // TODO: This errors if not logged in …
            }
        }
    }
    fn get_task_by_id(&self, task_id: i32) -> Task {
        self.query("SELECT location, stars, taskgroup FROM task WHERE id = $1", &[&task_id])
            .unwrap()
            .iter()
            .next()
            .map(|row| Task { id: Some(task_id), taskgroup: row.get(2), location: row.get(0), stars: row.get(1) })
            .unwrap()
    }
    fn get_task_by_id_complete(&self, task_id: i32) -> (Task, Taskgroup, Contest) {
        self.query(
            "SELECT task.location, task.stars, taskgroup.id, taskgroup.name, contest.id, contest.location, contest.filename, contest.name, contest.duration, contest.public, contest.start_date, contest.end_date FROM contest JOIN taskgroup ON taskgroup.contest = contest.id JOIN task ON task.taskgroup = taskgroup.id WHERE task.id = $1",
            &[&task_id]).unwrap().iter().next()
            .map(|row| {
                (Task {
                    id: Some(task_id),
                    taskgroup: row.get(2),
                    location: row.get(0),
                    stars: row.get(1),
                }, Taskgroup {
                    id: Some(row.get(2)),
                    contest: row.get(4),
                    name: row.get(3),
                    tasks: Vec::new(),
                }, Contest {
                    id: Some(row.get(4)),
                    location: row.get(5),
                    filename: row.get(6),
                    name: row.get(7),
                    duration: row.get(8),
                    public: row.get(9),
                    start: row.get(10),
                    end: row.get(11),
                    taskgroups: Vec::new(),
                })
            }).unwrap()
    }

    fn get_submission_to_validate(&self, tasklocation: &str, subtask: Option<&str>) -> i32 {
        match subtask {
            Some(st) => self.query("SELECT id FROM submission JOIN task ON submission.task = task.id WHERE task.location = $1  AND subtask_identifier = $2 AND needs_validation = 1 LIMIT 1", &[&tasklocation, &st]).unwrap().iter().next().map(|row| {row.get(0)}).unwrap(),
            None => self.query("SELECT id FROM submission JOIN task ON submission.task = task.id WHERE task.location = $1 AND needs_validation = 1 LIMIT 1", &[&tasklocation]).unwrap().iter().next().map(|row| {row.get(0)}).unwrap(),
        }
    }

    fn find_next_submission_to_validate(&self, userid: i32, taskgroupid: i32) {
        let (id, validated) : (i32, bool) = self.query("SELECT id, validated FROM submission JOIN task ON submission.task = task.id WHERE task.taskgroup = $1 AND submission.session = $2 ORDER BY value DESC id DESC LIMIT 1", &[&taskgroupid, &userid]).unwrap().iter().next().map(|row| {(row.get(0), row.get(1))}).unwrap();
        if !validated {
            self.execute("UPDATE submission SET needs_validation = 1 WHERE id = $1", &[&id]).unwrap();
        }
    }

    fn add_group(&self, group: &mut Group) { group.save(self); }

    fn get_groups(&self, session_id: i32) -> Vec<Group> {
        self.query("SELECT id, name, groupcode, tag FROM usergroup WHERE admin = $1", &[&session_id])
            .unwrap()
            .iter()
            .map(|row| Group { id: Some(row.get(0)),
                               name: row.get(1),
                               groupcode: row.get(2),
                               tag: row.get(3),
                               admin: session_id,
                               members: Vec::new() })
            .collect()
    }
    fn get_groups_complete(&self, _session_id: i32) -> Vec<Group> {
        unimplemented!();
    }
    fn get_group_complete(&self, group_id: i32) -> Option<Group> {
        let mut group = self.query("SELECT name, groupcode, tag, admin FROM usergroup WHERE id  = $1", &[&group_id])
                            .unwrap()
                            .iter()
                            .next()
                            .map(|row| Group { id: Some(group_id),
                                               name: row.get(0),
                                               groupcode: row.get(1),
                                               tag: row.get(2),
                                               admin: row.get(3),
                                               members: Vec::new() })
                            .unwrap(); // TODO handle error

        let res = self.query("SELECT id, session_token, csrf_token, last_login, last_activity, permanent_login,
                                     username, password, logincode, email, email_unconfirmed, email_confirmationcode,
                                     firstname, lastname, street, zip, city, nation, grade, is_teacher, oauth_provider,
                                     oauth_foreign_id, salt
                             FROM session
                             WHERE managed_by = $1",
                             &[&group_id])
                      .unwrap();
        let rows = res.iter().map(|row| SessionUser { id: row.get(0),
                                                      session_token: row.get(1),
                                                      csrf_token: row.get(2),
                                                      last_login: row.get(3),
                                                      last_activity: row.get(4),
                                                      permanent_login: row.get(5),

                                                      username: row.get(6),
                                                      password: row.get(7),
                                                      salt: row.get(22),
                                                      logincode: row.get(8),
                                                      email: row.get(9),
                                                      email_unconfirmed: row.get(10),
                                                      email_confirmationcode: row.get(11),

                                                      firstname: row.get(12),
                                                      lastname: row.get(13),
                                                      street: row.get(14),
                                                      zip: row.get(15),
                                                      city: row.get(16),
                                                      nation: row.get(17),
                                                      grade: row.get(18),

                                                      is_teacher: row.get(19),
                                                      managed_by: Some(group_id),

                                                      oauth_provider: row.get(20),
                                                      oauth_foreign_id: row.get(21) });

        for user in rows {
            group.members.push(user);
        }
        Some(group)
    }
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    fn reset_all_contest_visibilities(&self) { self.execute("UPDATE contest SET public = ?1", &[&false]).unwrap(); }
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}

impl MedalObject<Connection> for Task {
    fn save(&mut self, conn: &Connection) {
        conn.query("SELECT id FROM task WHERE taskgroup = $1 AND location = $2", &[&self.taskgroup, &self.location])
            .unwrap()
            .iter()
            .next()
            .map(|row| row.get(0))
            .and_then(|id| {
                self.set_id(id);
                Some(())
            })
            .unwrap_or(()); // Err means no entry yet and is expected result

        let id = match self.get_id() {
            Some(id) => {
                conn.execute(
                             "UPDATE task SET taskgroup = $1, location = $2, stars = $3
                     WHERE id = $4",
                             &[&self.taskgroup, &self.location, &self.stars, &id],
                )
                    .unwrap();
                id
            }
            None => {
                conn.execute(
                             "INSERT INTO task (taskgroup, location, stars)
                     VALUES ($1, $2, $3)",
                             &[&self.taskgroup, &self.location, &self.stars],
                )
                    .unwrap();
                conn.query("SELECT lastval()", &[]).unwrap().iter().next().map(|row| -> i64 { row.get(0) }).unwrap()
                as i32
            }
        };
        self.set_id(id);
    }
}

impl MedalObject<Connection> for Taskgroup {
    fn save(&mut self, conn: &Connection) {
        conn.query("SELECT id FROM taskgroup WHERE contest = $1 AND name = $2", &[&self.contest, &self.name])
            .unwrap()
            .iter()
            .next()
            .map(|row| row.get(0))
            .and_then(|id| {
                self.set_id(id);
                Some(())
            })
            .unwrap_or(()); // Err means no entry yet and is expected result

        let id = match self.get_id() {
            Some(id) => {
                conn.execute(
                             "UPDATE taskgroup SET contest = $1, name = $2
                     WHERE id = $3",
                             &[&self.contest, &self.name, &id],
                )
                    .unwrap();
                id
            }
            None => {
                conn.execute(
                             "INSERT INTO taskgroup (contest, name)
                     VALUES ($1, $2)",
                             &[&self.contest, &self.name],
                )
                    .unwrap();
                conn.query("SELECT lastval()", &[]).unwrap().iter().next().map(|row| -> i64 { row.get(0) }).unwrap()
                as i32
            }
        };
        self.set_id(id);
        for mut task in &mut self.tasks {
            task.taskgroup = id;
            task.save(conn);
        }
    }
}

impl MedalObject<Connection> for Contest {
    fn save(&mut self, conn: &Connection) {
        conn.query("SELECT id FROM contest WHERE location = $1 AND filename = $2", &[&self.location, &self.filename])
            .unwrap()
            .iter()
            .next()
            .map(|row| row.get(0))
            .and_then(|id| {
                self.set_id(id);
                Some(())
            })
            .unwrap_or(()); // Err means no entry yet and is expected result

        let id =
            match self.get_id() {
                Some(id) => {
                    conn.execute(
                                 "UPDATE contest SET location = $1,filename = $2,
                     name = $3, duration = $4, public = $5, start_date = $6,
                     end_date = $7 WHERE id = $8",
                                 &[
                        &self.location,
                        &self.filename,
                        &self.name,
                        &self.duration,
                        &self.public,
                        &self.start,
                        &self.end,
                        &id,
                    ],
                    )
                        .unwrap();
                    id
                }
                None => {
                    conn.execute(
                    "INSERT INTO contest (location, filename, name, duration, public, start_date, end_date)
                     VALUES ($1, $2, $3, $4, $5, $6, $7)",
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                    &[&self.location, &self.filename, &self.name, &self.duration, &self.public, &self.start, &self.end],
                )
                .unwrap();
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                    conn.query("SELECT lastval()", &[]).unwrap().iter().next().map(|row| -> i64 { row.get(0) }).unwrap()
                    as i32
                }
            };
        self.set_id(id);
        for mut taskgroup in &mut self.taskgroups {
            taskgroup.contest = id;
            taskgroup.save(conn);
        }
    }
}

impl MedalObject<Connection> for Grade {
    fn save(&mut self, conn: &Connection) {
        conn.execute("INSERT INTO grade (taskgroup, session, grade, validated) VALUES ($1, $2, $3, $4) ON CONFLICT ON CONSTRAINT grade_pkey DO UPDATE SET grade = excluded.grade, validated = excluded.validated",
                     &[&self.taskgroup, &self.user, &self.grade, &self.validated])
            .unwrap();
    }
}

impl MedalObject<Connection> for Participation {
    fn save(&mut self, conn: &Connection) {
        conn.execute("INSERT INTO participation (contest, session, start_date) VALUES ($1, $2, $3)",
                     &[&self.contest, &self.user, &self.start])
            .unwrap();
    }
}

impl MedalObject<Connection> for Submission {
    fn save(&mut self, conn: &Connection) {
        match self.get_id() {
            Some(_id) => unimplemented!(),
            None => {
                conn.execute("INSERT INTO submission (task, session, grade, validated, nonvalidated_grade, subtask_identifier, value, date, needs_validation) VALUES ($1, $2, $3, $4, $5, $6, $7, $8, $9)", &[&self.task, &self.session_user, &self.grade, &self.validated, &self.nonvalidated_grade, &self.subtask_identifier, &self.value, &self.date, &self.needs_validation]).unwrap();
                self.set_id(conn.query("SELECT lastval()", &[])
                                .unwrap()
                                .iter()
                                .next()
                                .map(|row| -> i64 { row.get(0) })
                                .unwrap() as i32);
            }
        }
    }
}

impl MedalObject<Connection> for Group {
    fn save(&mut self, conn: &Connection) {
        match self.get_id() {
            Some(_id) => unimplemented!(),
            None => {
                conn.execute("INSERT INTO usergroup (name, groupcode, tag, admin) VALUES ($1, $2, $3, $4)",
                             &[&self.name, &self.groupcode, &self.tag, &self.admin])
                    .unwrap();
                self.set_id(conn.query("SELECT lastval()", &[])
                                .unwrap()
                                .iter()
                                .next()
                                .map(|row| -> i64 { row.get(0) })
                                .unwrap() as i32);
            }
        }
    }
}